What to do if the scalp is dry and has dandruff?

The contents

Causes dryness and dandruff

Symptoms of dandruff

How to differentiate between dry scalp dandruff

Treatment of dryness and dandruff


The problem of dry head and dandruff – one of the most common as in women and men. The presence of dandruff and extremely dry scalp gives a lot of discomfort and can lead to more serious complications and consequences that will be harder to cure. It is therefore very important to prevent this kind of problem, or cure them at an early stage of development. How to get rid of dandruff and dryness, and to prevent their reappearance will be discussed in this article. Magicforum found out all about the causes of dandruff and how to fight it.

Causes dryness and dandruff

Causes of problems with the scalp can be divided into external and internal.

External include:

Insufficient care for the scalp. The use of balsams-conditioners, hair conditioner, various masks today is a prerequisite for maintaining the health of the hair.

Bad ecology. Daily on the head settles a large number of particles of dust, soot and car exhaust that prevents the skin to breathe.

Too frequent shampooing. Water washes away the hair’s protective layer, making the head more susceptible to external stimuli.

Overheating of the head, washing in hot water. Gentle scalp burns from high temperatures (Hairdryer, Curling iron, flat iron). Even washing in too hot water damages the skin.

The abuse of styling tools, paint. As if the producers were not convinced that their tool does not harm the hair, should not believe it. All the gels, mousses, varnishes and other “stuff” for packing is, above all, chemistry, which may not be useful to the hair. About the dangers of hair dye and say no. Frequent dyeing, without proper care for the scalp, there is a great risk not only dry, but also completely lose their hair.

Using the wrong tools for hair care. Wrong shampoos, dyes and so on can cause allergic reactions to certain components in their composition, can cause itching, flaking and dandruff.

The influence of low temperatures. In the cold season, the wind and the cold air dries the scalp, making hair brittle and dry.

The internal factors include:

  • Violation of the gastrointestinal tract. Healthy stomach is the Foundation of healthy teeth, nails and skin. Therefore, the disruption of the digestive system leads to poor health of the head.
  • An improper diet. When starvation and unbalanced diet devoid of vitamins, suffer hair. Therefore, taking vitamins is a prerequisite for maintaining the health of the head.
  • Violation of metabolism. Problems with the metabolism slow down the sebaceous glands, from which they cease to hold moisture in the skin cells of the head, and appear dry.
  • Stress. If a person very upset for a long time, constantly nervous, due to disorders of the nervous system may appear dandruff and unpleasant itching and scalp irritation.
  • Insufficient quantity consumed per day of water. You need to drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day, otherwise the skin is dehydrated and dry.
  • Heredity. In such cases, dandruff appears periodically throughout life and is inherited from parents to children. To get rid of it completely is impossible, but proper hair care, diet and correct lifestyle will increase the duration of the periods between exacerbations of the disease.
  • Bad habits. Cigarettes and alcohol contain substances that have adverse effects on the skin (including scalp) and hair.
  • Pregnancy and lactation. The developing fetus requires a large amount of nutrients that it takes from the mother’s body. As a result, skin does not get enough power.

Symptoms of dandruff

Already at the beginning of the development of dandruff and dry scalp you can see the obvious symptoms, which include:

  • A feeling of tightness of the scalp.
  • The appearance of small, but noticeable cracks. Cracks appear due to lack of sufficient hydration.
  • Moderate or severe skin irritation (especially after washing), itching.
  • Redness of the scalp under the hair.
  • The deterioration of the appearance of the hair. Hair become weak, brittle.
  • Dandruff — the “dust” of white color, it accumulates the hair roots.

How to differentiate between dry scalp dandruff

For dry scalp, but no dandruff occurs the flaking of the skin. This is due to the combing. Particles desquamation of the skin, many are mistaken for dandruff. Don’t forget that dandruff can appear not only because of the dryness, but because of the severe fat head.

It is easy to guess what would happen if converted to peeling dry skin for the dandruff starts to dry it further.

To avoid this problem, you must know the signs of dandruff:

  • Dandruff is accumulated in great quantities, often falls on the shoulders, neck and entire length of hair. Particles desquamation of the skin, on the contrary, does not happen so much.
  • Dandruff is accompanied by appearance of yellow spots on the scalp. Such spots can be observed in young children.
  • My head always itches, itches and there is a constant contamination of the hair.
  • Dandruff, unlike desquamation of the skin, more dense and large.

Treatment of dryness and dandruff

To get rid of the unpleasant dryness of the scalp, you need to wash your hair, use conditioner at least twice a week. Dandruff withdraw a little harder, but subject to the rules, you can do it at home.

To get rid of dandruff, you need to:

  • Use of cosmetic and medicated shampoos. These shampoos can be purchased in regular stores and pharmacies. Their constituent components moisturize the skin and fight dandruff.
  • Make masks at home. For many centuries, medical herbal tea, herbal masks and lotions helped the girls keep their hair healthy and beautiful. On the Internet you can find a lot of masks recipes using burdock, castor, sea buckthorn and other oils, as well as nettle, chamomile, eggs and so on. Need to find a suitable mask for myself, and the result will not keep waiting.
  • Change means for hair care. When buying a shampoo, conditioner and balm, it is important to pay attention to what this tool is designed. A wrong shampoo may contribute to dandruff. If you notice signs of this disease, the best to change and to evaluate the result.
  • To do the head massage. The breaching of this massage by a specialist or at home increases blood circulation and helps nutrients to be distributed faster, being absorbed deep in the skin cells.


The emergence of itching, flaking and dandruff is easy to prevent. And, in the case of a one-time occurrence, to prevent the recurrence of the disease.

For this you need to follow a few simple measures:

  • To reduce “pressure” on the hair. “Pressure” refers to permanent straightening, coloring, perms, styling.
  • To choose the right cosmetics. It is important to monitor the reaction of the hair. If itchy, peeling and deterioration of the appearance of a full head of hair, it is best to discontinue use.
  • To provide the body with all necessary vitamins. You need to “feed” the scalp with all the vitamins and minerals to improve the metabolism and sebaceous glands.
  • Do not forget about proper hygiene. You can not wash your hair too frequently or too infrequently. Recommend to take breaks between washing every 3-4 days. In addition, the need to monitor the cleanliness of combs, rubber bands and hair clips. On the personal hygiene accumulated a lot of fungal bacteria (pathogens), so the combs require frequent cleaning, and all hair accessories must pass thermal and wet processing.

If dandruff can’t get rid of for a long time, then a visit to the doctor mandatory. Dandruff can be confused with other dermatological diseases, such as psoriasis and eczema, which if not treated treatment entail complications.

Earlier, doctors spoke about the causes of dandruff.