Pain and cramps in the back: causes, treatments

The contents

Causes of cramps in lower back

Treatment of cramps in the lower back

Treatment of leg cramps

Surgical treatment

Prevention tips of lower cramps

Spinal cord spasmis when the muscles of the back reflective reduced. Most of the time this happens in the lower back. Some of the possible causes of muscle spasms, and severe pain include irritation or damage to the nerves, ligaments or back muscles.

Most people who have frequent back pain, notice a strong muscle contraction that causes pain. You can also feel muscle tension or knots on the back. Reflexive muscle contractions usually occur immediately after injury, but they can also stay for a few hours or days before will take place. Magicforum figured out what to do if you have cramps or pain in the lumbar region or legs.

Causes of cramps in lower back

Often the first step to combating spasm lower back is to understand the cause in your specific situation. Here are just a few of the most common causes that can lead to these spasms or pain.

1. Injury in accidents or sports.

One of the most common triggers of acute cramps in the lower back is injury. Injury you can get because of the wrong tilt, wrong exercise, arrogant sports or accident, and these injuries can cause damage to your muscles and ligaments.

2. Damage to the nervous tissue

If your spasms in the lower back caused by nerve damage, they often will be accompanied by additional symptoms, including tingling, burning, or numbness in the back. These feelings can even reach the feet. Cramps occur because of nerve damage, and some may appear due to the narrowing of the spinal canal with aging, fracture in the vertebrae, spondylolisthesis or spondylolysis. Unfortunately, cramps in lower back due to such reasons, more difficult to treat.

3. Other reasons

There are a number of other conditions or problems that can lead to cramps in the lower back, including anemia, diabetes, hormonal disorders, and problems in the kidneys. In some cases, essential mineral deficiencies (especially magnesium and potassium) can worsen cramping. The final possible cause is dehydration or side effects of drugs.

Treatment of cramps in the lower back

Home remedies to reduce back pain can be used alone without consultation with a specialist.

Cool the area of the cramps. After injury, increased blood flow and swelling can increase your pain. When you apply cold compress in the area, this minimizes the swelling and your pain. Usually it will be effective after you first feel the cramp.

Heat the area of the cramps. The best source of heat to use is moist heat, the heat will work to relax any tense muscles. You should apply a warm compress after a cold. Another option is just to take a hot shower or bath. Ideally you should use a warm compress for 15 minutes every four hours until your spasm disappears. If for some reason the heat increases your pain, stop the procedure and try a cold compress.

Sit back and relax. You need two days of rest after the injury in the lower back, and is especially necessary in cases where pain is caused by injured muscles. Rest will help speed up the healing process of muscle injury. During relaxation do not forget to always maintain some mobility, you must move to walk around the room, it will accelerate the healing process. While walking avoid bending or twisting of the spine, as it may worsen your symptoms.

Select a comfortable position. Quite difficult to find a comfortable position with cramps in the lower back. Try to lift your legs up using pillows (or chair leg if you are sitting). Sometimes it helps to raise your knees to above your hips. You can also lie down on a flat surface and lift the leg with the knees at an angle of 90 degrees.

Do stretching exercises. If you need to move, try to do simple exercises such as walking or climbing the stairs. Movements that do not cause stress, strengthen your lower back, helping healing.

Treatment of leg cramps

Use medication only as directed by your doctor. Do not buy medications that are prescribed by your friends or the ones that advertise on TV. Only the doctor can decide which drug can help in your case. Many doctors recommend you to take painkillers such as ibuprofen and naproxen. If you have severe pain, your doctor may prescribe muscle relaxants on a short term basis. He may also prescribe tricyclic antidepressants. Most of the time your doctor will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as they are stronger than ibuprofen and other painkillers.

Visit a physiotherapist. A chiropractor or physical therapist may use methods of influence on the muscles, heat or ultrasound to combat spasms. Then move on to exercises that help to strengthen back muscles and improve flexibility. Some people also noticed that acupuncture helps with the cramping and pain.

Use injections. A cortisone injection can help you to get rid of the pain for a few months, and this is particularly necessary when the pain is unbearable.

Surgical treatment

In severe cases, your doctor may suggest the surgery. Surgery is usually resorted to only in extreme cases when the doctor is sure about the cause of cramps lower back.

Prevention tips of lower cramps

Following the specific tips you can help prevent spasms in the lower back and overall pain in the area. These methods can also help to reduce the level of pain.

What to do to not hurt back?

  1. To quit Smoking.
  2. Avoid high heel shoes.
  3. Sleep on a hard surface.
  4. To maintain the correct posture.
  5. Lose weight (if overweight).
  6. Exercises muscles of back and abdomen.

If the pain is acute, it is better not to self-medicate and consult a specialist, who correctly diagnose the pain and will choose individually for you treatment.

Previously, doctors were told how to recognize serious back pain, which is not a normal variant.