Syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial pathogens that settle without complaints, are particularly insidious. Many people are not aware that you can infect others. To communicable infections, the increase, according to a study, clearly belong to sexually. WHO even speaks of a silent and dangerous epidemic.
- WHO warns of increase in sexually transmitted diseases
- 86,9 million people fall ill each year as a Tripper, 6.3 million of Syphilis
- WHO recommends more Tests and affordable medicines, as well as enlightenment
With sexually transmitted diseases health organization (WHO) plug according to a report by the world worldwide per day, more than a Million people. Every year there are among 15 – to 49-Year-olds reported according to a new estimate 376 million new infections with trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, or Syphilis, such as the WHO on Thursday in Geneva. Often a person infected with several pathogens at the same time or different times of the year. The total number is for 2016 and is five percent higher than the previous estimate for 2012. Infections with viruses such as HIV have not been taken into account for both estimates.
"This is a silent and dangerous Epidemie", one of the authors, Melanie Taylor said. Every fourth of earth’s inhabitants is infected with the disease. Although about the same number of women and men were infected each year. Because the bacteria are in women, more persistent, were affected significantly more than men.
WHO Director: "This is a Weckruf"
"This is a Weckruf", Peter Salama, WHO Director for universal health coverage said. "We need joint efforts, so that each person can take anywhere services to these debilitating diseases and to prevent and treat them." The report includes only the four mentioned diseases. In addition, hundreds of millions of people from Herpes or Human papillomavirus (HPV) are affected according to the WHO, which will also be transferred during sexual intercourse.
The four diseases could have serious consequences, including ectopic pregnancies, stillbirths, infertility, cardiovascular disease, and Arthritis, the authors warn. Alone in 2016, approximately 200,000 babies with Syphilis-infected mothers had died shortly before, or shortly after birth. Thus, Syphilis was the second most common cause of death for babies, after Malaria, said Taylor.
STDs is often curable
The diseases were curable. The WHO recommends more Tests and affordable medicines, as well as education for prevention, including the need for consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse. In some countries, Benzathine Penicillin was used to treat Syphilis enough. Moreover, more and more gonococci were resistant to antibiotics. The danger is that the disease will one day be no more to treat.
By far the most common infection with trichomoniasis (causal agent: Trichomonas vaginalis) are according to this study. They make up more than 40 percent of all cases and affect 156 million people per year. In the case of infection, the single lead-celled parasites to inflammation of the genital organs and urinary tract. Affected men often have no symptoms and do not transmit the disease because they know that they are infected.
The second most common diseases due to chlamydia (causative agent: Chlamydia trachomatis), which relate to 127.2 million people. Here, too, symptoms such as vaginal discharge or Burning during urination late or not at all occur often.
86,9 million people fall ill each year as a Tripper
With gonococci (causative agent: Neisseria gonorrhoeae) – gonorrhea or handling Tripper language called – are infected worldwide each year 86,9 million people. Are attacked, usually the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and sex organs, the pathogen can infect the conjunctiva. Syphilis (infectious agent: Treponema pallidum) indicate that 6.3 million people. Here, too, the pathogens penetrate the skin on the mucosa or skin cracks in the body. Patients can get a boil, skin rashes, and fever.
With a Trichomonas infection, 5.3% of women and 0.6 percent of men live according to the estimate in the world. In the case of chlamydia, or 3.8 percent of women are affected, and 2.7 percent of men. In the case of gonorrhea and Syphilis are less than one percent. In Africa, 11.7 per cent of the women have a Trichomoniasis. In the Europe Region – which extends to Tajikistan on the Chinese border – are common of the four diseases chlamydia most: 3.2% of women and 2.2 percent of men.