Heart attack, stroke, cancer – the Suffering are well known and are among the most common causes of death, and millions of people die from the disease annually. A disease that is as dangerous, who know but comparatively few people, is the Sepsis. It is colloquially referred to as blood poisoning by bacteria or virus triggered. A study in the journal “The Lancet” shows how the “unknown Killer underestimated” actually is: Thus died, in the year 2017, an estimated eleven million people around the world. Sepsis is so that for every fifth case of death in the world.
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“The global burden of Sepsis is greater than previously thought,” writes the international team of researchers led by Kristina Rudd of the University of Pittsburgh. Previous research had come to the conclusion that, annually, about 19 million people suffer from Sepsis, and five million die because of it. These Figures have to be revised, the researchers, however, significantly revised upwards. Estimates that 48 million people fall ill every year, eleven million of them die. How to explain this jump in the Numbers?
A Problem of previous studies was that they included mainly data from Western countries with good health care. The current study includes data from countries with low income and poorer health care. Overall, the researchers evaluated the causes of death of 109 million people from 195 countries. The data come from the years 1990 to 2017.
Diarrhoeal diseases as a trigger
The number of cases and deaths has decreased in the course of the observation zeitrums significantly – but is still at a high level. “I have worked in a rural Region in Uganda, and Sepsis was on the agenda”, is Kristina quoted Rudd, from the British “BBC”. “My colleagues who treat patients in countries with low and middle income, have been saying for years that Sepsis is a big Problem.”
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Rudd was not paid by the high “really surprised”. However, the estimate of the round will be twice as high as previous calculations, did not expect you so. The vast majority of cases (85 percent) occurred in countries with low and middle income. Particularly West African countries, but also India, Asia and parts of South America are affected accordingly. Diarrhoea the most common cause of Sepsis were across all age levels.
Sepsis can, in principle, be due to different pathogen-triggered bacteria count, but also viruses, fungi and other microorganisms. The pathogens enter through an injury or a wound in the body. Also inflammation in the body as the source of infection in question, such as pneumonia, diarrhoeal illness, a sore Tooth or a urinary tract infection. The pathogen spread in the lymphatics and in the blood. The body reacts with an immune response, and sets the inflammatory reactions. The defense is actually useful, and to fight the pathogen, in turn, can cause but even the enormous harm and damage to organs. In the worst case, it comes to organ failure. In Germany, approximately 280,000 people are diagnosed annually from Sepsis, nearly a quarter of the patients die.
Symptoms of Sepsis
The symptoms of Sepsis are to be interpreted for lay people is sometimes hard to come by. Sufferers complain of fever, often in conjunction with chills, and a pronounced feeling of illness. In addition to fever, a strikingly low body temperature (under 36 degrees Celsius), a Symptom of Sepsis. Sufferers report shortness of breath. Pulse and respiration are accelerated. The skin is heated, some Sufferers develop a rash, or seem disoriented and confused. In the case of suspected Sepsis should immediately call a doctor. The earlier Sepsis is identified and treated, the better. Sometimes it comes down to hours.
It was “alarming” that the number of deaths due to Sepsis was much higher than previously thought, said Mohsen Naghavi of the University of Washington. “Especially since the disease is both preventable as well as treatable.” Antibiotics and good wound care are among the most effective means in the fight against the disease. Vaccinations and provision of clean drinking water are also considered as effective preventive measures against Sepsis.
Sources: The Lancet / University hospital Jena, Germany / BBC
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