More new cases than HIV: Syphilis is epidemic in Europe

Long the Syphilis could be pushed back, but in the last few years, infections are on the increase with the venereal disease. Experts are now reporting a measured record number of over 33 000 confirmed infections.

The number of confirmed cases of Syphilis in Europe has increased in recent years. Men aged 25 to 34 years were infected in relation to women and other age groups, most frequently with the sexually transmitted disease, such as from a Friday report published by the European centre for disease prevention and control (ECDC) showed. This was especially true for men who have Sex with other men, and lived in urban areas.

For the report, the ECDC has analysed the development of Syphilis from 2007 to 2017 in 30 States – in the EU, Norway and Iceland. The annual number of confirmed cases rose accordingly, since 2010, to almost 70 per cent to a record 33 189. In 2016, it had been 29 944 confirmed infections.

This meant that for the first time since the beginning of the 2000s, more Syphilis confirmed as HIV cases in Europe, said the Stockholm-based centre. "The increases in Syphilis infections that we see in Europe as well as in other countries all over the world, are a result of several factors, such as Sex without a condom and multiple sexual partners, combined with a lower fear of bekommen&quot HIV;, the head of the ECDC programme for HIV and STDs, Andrew Amato-Gauci,. During the period 2007 to 2017, the ECDC recorded a total of 260 505 confirmed cases of Syphilis.

Strong increase since 2007

In Germany, there were from 2007 to 2017, a large increase in the diseases of 4 to 9.1 cases per 100 000 German citizens, compared with an overall European Rate of 7.1 per 100 000. That’s the equivalent of 7473 infections in the Federal territory. Thus, Germany included, in addition to Iceland, Ireland, the UK and Malta to the five countries where the Rate has doubled since 2010 to more than. Estonia and Romania reported a significant decrease.

By the end of 2018, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) in Berlin had reported that the increase in the number of Syphilis infections in Germany continue. In particular, in Berlin and Hamburg report in relation to the number of inhabitants above average number of people affected, according to RKI.

The German AIDS-help as a reason for the increase in registered cases in Germany, the declining use of condoms, what will be done, among other things, because of better HIV therapy. Another reason was probably the better Test. So gay and bisexual men had been called upon increasingly to regular Syphilis testing.

Disease is often without symptoms

Especially in the 1980s, the bacterial infection had been pushed back, with the spread of HIV/Aids and Safer Sex. For years, the Trend is now back in the reverse direction. Often Syphilis usually has no symptoms. In other cases, a few days or weeks, and usually occurs after infection, an ulcer, for example, on the Penis that causes no pain.

The disease is not treated with antibiotics, pain may be other symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, joint or muscle and swollen lymph nodes follow. Years after infection, damage to the brain and the blood vessels are possible.

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