At the beginning of the XX century, the American activist Margaret Sanger began publishing a monthly newsletter Women’s riot, which first used the term birth control. Thus she fought for women’s right to choose when it is convenient to have a baby. Already since the 50-ies of XX century,biologists in the United States, first began to use a combination of estrogen and progestogen, with the aim of hormonal contraception. Целых100 years our society uses oral contraceptives (OC), as a method of preventing an unplanned pregnancy.
Olga Bugaenko obstetrician-gynecologist of the highest category, doctor of the ultrasound.
Graduated from Vinnitsa state medical University. M. I. Pirogov.
Participated in conferences:
- Innovative approaches in obstetrics, gynecology, that of reproduction.
- The health of the mother, fetus and newborn in Ukraine.
- International and domestic standards of gynecological care.
- Harmony of hormones the basis of health women.Female reproductive health 40 .
- Reception and consultation of patients with gynecological diseases.
- Treatment of diseases of the cervix.
- The minimally invasive interventions.
The consequences of oral contraceptives?
In the taking oral contraceptives, there are positive and negative sides that can occur if the drug is picked up correctly or woman began to take it without the advice of a physician and the prior survey.
Hormonal contraceptives women take with two goals
- first, the prevention of unplanned pregnancy;
- second, in recent years a very common treatment of many hormone-dependent diseases.
Reception of well-chosen oral contraceptives reduces the risk of breast, ovarian, endometrial, reduces the risk of osteoporosis and frequent fractures after menopause, normalizes the menstrual cycle in women with abuse, reduces blood loss in women with abundant menstruation, reduces the risk of inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs. With proper selection and compliance with the rules of reception of contraceptive, the woman keeps youth and beauty.
On the other hand, oral contraceptives can lead to deficiencies of certain vitamins in a woman’s body (e.g., vitamin C and folic acid), gipertermiei ovarian syndrome (it is a long absence of menstruation after discontinuation of contraceptives), and as a result, a woman can not get pregnant immediately after the termination of their employment. Also, hormonal contraceptives may decrease local immunity (manifested frequent vulvovaginal infections).
However, the negative reaction to the abolition of oral contraceptives is often not the effect of the cancellation, and the lasting impact of their admission. The longer a woman took birth control, the more possible negative effects on its abolition.
See also:GYNECOLOGIST-ENDOCRINOLOGIST NATALIA SILINA ABOUT POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME
When you need перестатьприниматьпротивозачаточные?
- liver disease;
- the increase in pressure;
- varicose veins;
If on a background of reception of hormonal contraceptive in women was discovered that any of the above, then you need urgently stop taking the drug and to conduct a thorough examination of the patient.
That proishodit the body after?
After discontinuation of oral contraceptives in the body cease to come from outside estrogens and Progestogens, and therefore independent resumes ovulation, gonadotropic function of the pituitary women is no longer suppressed, produced more of the pituitary hormones (luteinizing, follicle-stimulating hormones), which trigger the normal operation of the ovaries during 13 months. Restored cellular fluctuations in the endometrium, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, which was not during the reception, OK.
Within a few months stabiliziruemost menstrual cycle and resumes the property of the endometrium for implantation of a fertilized egg. Change the chemical composition of the vaginal flora and reduces viscosity of the cervical mucus that helps to ease the conception process. Overall, during the 34 months after discontinuation of hormonal contraceptive should recover reproductive function of women, except in certain cases (for example, when gipertermiei ovarian syndrome). Then requires a trip to the doctor and prescription drugs (unfortunately, sometimes the hormones including).
Unfortunately, after a long course of oral contraceptives may be the weight, so it is as while taking oral contraceptives, and especially after the repeal to take vitamin complexes and antioxidants on prescription, and for contraception use a barrier method.
If the female oral contraceptive was appointed not only for the purpose directly of contraception, but for therapeutic purposes, for example, endometriosis, abnormal uterine bleeding, fibroids, leiomyoma of uterus, amenorrhea (absence or infrequent menstruation), skin manifestations (acne, hirsutism), then, unfortunately, after the abolition of OK symptoms may gradually return, and often such patients after a short break, checking and passing all the right tests come back to the pill, in order to improve their condition.
Important: oral contraceptives need to cancel after the last pill in the pack, not to interrupt reception in the middle of the course. Otherwise it will be a failure of the menstrual cycle, and a woman even longer to log in to your self-the menstrual rhythm. If the patient took an oral contraceptive for medical reasons, before canceling it is advisable to consult with your doctor will not worsen her condition.
Examination after the abolition of oral contraceptive
Also after cancelling OK the minimum it is recommended to pass examination, which includes:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs and mammary glands.
Women should not be afraid of any appointment or abolition of oral contraceptives, they just can not appoint herself or a friend. You need to be prepared to be examined. If a hormonal contraceptive is correctly assigned, in this case,and during the reception, and its abolition will be a minimum of side effects.