Experts from the University of Rovira and Virgili, Spain, came to the conclusion that the Mediterranean diet with reduced calories promotes weight loss and reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in patients with obesity and metabolic syndrome. It is reported by MedicalXpress.
The study involved more than 600 patients aged 55 to 75 years, suffering from obesity or overweight and metabolic syndrome.
Despite the fact that diets low in fat and carbohydrates are considered effective in terms of weight loss and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, there is no scientific evidence that long-term positive results such a diet remain.
A new study on fundamentally different type of food — Mediterranean, showed that 33.7 percent of patients who switched to it and was engaged in physical exercises, after a year lost at least five percent of initial body weight. Compared to study participants who did not follow this diet, they have also significantly improved glucose uptake.
Over time a positive trend is maintained, the scientist said.
A Mediterranean diet involves eating lots of fresh vegetables and fruits, legumes, nuts, seeds, bread from wheat flour and pasta grain-based cultures. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of red meat and prefer fish and seafood.